A few months ago we did a review of the different operating systems for existing desktops. Today we do the same with operating systems for mobile devices
TAGS: SMARTPHONE, TECHNOLOGY
It has been a long time since the war of the makers of mobile phones went from hardware to software. From the distant era of the Nokia N series, when the difference was marked by the hardware extras, we moved to another in which the strength of the operating system and its ecosystem has more importance than the terminal in which it is. The kick-off to this change was given by Apple in 2007 with the first iPhonev and since then have appeared many candidates to take a part of the cake.
In the blog Think Big, after talking about the main operating systems for desktop computers, we present a brief summary of the main mobile operating systems.
Eight mobile operating systems worth knowing
Version 8 of the iPhone operating system will see the light soon. The Cupertino company's new handsets, the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus, are designed to take full advantage of the iPhone 5S and beyond. The main features it brings are: greater integration with OSX and the extension of its ecosystem to wearables and the Internet of Thinks with healthkit and homekit respectively.
Mobile operating systems: iOS
What characterizes iOS versus others is that it is a closed operating system. Apple does not allow internal system features to be modified beyond the limited settings it provides. A closed system, however, always offers a more stable and safe experience as designed by the manufacturer in the beginning. However many users, who are looking for more customization, may be short of the options that Apple gives.
On the other hand, as is also usual in the company's products, it is not licensed to third parties, so only iPhone have this operating system.
The number one operating system in terms of popularity. With a market share close to 85% Google's operating system is characterized by being open and available to any manufacturer interested in using it for their mobile devices.
This availability has however created a great fragmentation, being able to find innumerable devices of thousands of forms and functionalities with all versions of existing Android. In addition, the possibility of each manufacturer include its own layer on the original, it makes the user experience is not always what Google wants and the updates take time to arrive.android
Such a large market penetration, on the other hand, has made it possible that while iOS was initially the most popular OS for developers, more and more they are devoting great efforts to designing their apps for Android users.
Microsoft is making a major financial effort to position Windows Phone as an interesting third option for consumers after arriving late to the party of smartphones. Its alliance with Nokia and its subsequent purchase has helped to make itself known better and to scratch market share to the two leaders. The latest data speak of 2.5% worldwide.
Operating Systems: Windows Phone
With a design radically different from the two options already discussed, Windows Phone stands out for its customizable home screen that offers notifications of the apps in a simple and clean. It also offers a very good user experience regardless of the type and range of the terminal in which it is being used.
Although with fewer apps available than Android and iOS, Windows Phone 8.1, already has more than 300,000 apps in its store, in addition to offering company-owned applications such as Skype, OneDrive or Xbox Live.
Mobile OSs: Firefox OS
Thought to be a really open operating system, unlike Android, where Google controls certain aspects of the system. This feature allows Firefox OS to reach out to cover the low-end niche market more easily than Android. The announcement made in February of this year to launch a smartphone for 25 euros goes completely in that line. Movistar already launched more than a year ago the first smartphone with this operating system in Spain and Latin America.
Among the interesting features of this open operating system are web applications and can be of two different types: server applications or packaged. Unlike the OS already discussed, in this case, server applications, run via web, ie are web pages with the appearance of applications and without an internet connection is not possible to access these. Packaged applications require the download of a compressed package and are loaded from the local source each time the application is accessed.
Blackberry previously known as RIM is not going through its best moments. Like what happened to Nokia, the paradigm shift in smartphones got him off his feet. Accustomed to offering terminals with physical keyboard, the passage to the touch screens was choked. However, the efforts made by the Canadian company to recover the lost ground have been great and in 2012 launched their order with a renewed operating system the Blackberry 10. Even so, the latest studies on quota of mercardo leave in only A 0.5% worldwide.
Mobile operating systems: blackberry 10
Blackberry 10 has a more fluid interface, a smart keyboard and more sophisticated touch and another series of options that bring it closer to the competition. As with iOS, the OS is proprietary software and only the company's phones carry their system installed.
Another operating system based on Linux but this time under the famous Ubuntu firm. Presented in 2013, this is a Canonical project. At present several companies are developing terminals for this operating system, among them the Spanish Bq.
Mobile operating systems: Ubuntu touch
Ubuntu Touch uses the same technologies as the desktop version, so both share apps with no compatibility issues. It also has some of the most popular applications such as Facebook and Youtube.
Mobile operating system, also based on Linux, sponsored by Linux Foundation and LiMo Foundation. It has been developed from the Linux platform of Samsung. Although initially introduced as an open source OS, Tizen 2 runs on an unopened licensing system. The complete SDK was released under Samsung's unopened code license.
Although it may seem that Tizen is part of Samsung's long-term strategy, its erratic bet by this operating system does not know very well what will happen to it. At the moment some of its devices already incorporate it as the case of the famous smartwatch Samsung Gear S.
This interesting operating system, was to Palm what Blackberry 10 to RIM. However, in spite of the good criticism that harvested this operating system, it did not manage to save the company. Following the purchase by HP of the company Palm Inc, webOS is currently owned by LG who uses it as an operating system for their smart TVs.